The Delhi High Court on December 18, 2018, in the case of Mahyco Monsanto Biotech (India) Pvt. Ltd. v. Competition Commission of India & Ors. has held that Officers or Directors of a company can be probed by the Competition Commission of India (CCI), and can also be held liable if they were the “key persons who were In-charge and responsible” for the anti-competitive conduct of the Company. section 27 of the Competition Act, 2002, makes it clear that if CCI finds any contravention of the provisions, it "can pass orders against an 'enterprise' and a 'person' i.e. an individual, who has been proceeded against, imposing penalty." The Company in its plea has contended that according to the provisions of the Act, penalty was to be imposed on the 'turnover' which would not apply to an individual, like officers or directors. The Bench, however, rejected the submission and said that "Turnover, in the context of officers/directors has to be interpreted as the income of the officers/directors from the company, as there cannot be an income of an officer/director from an infringing product.” CCI in 2016 had ordered a detailed probe against US-based genetically-modified seed major Monsanto after finding prima facie evidence of violating competition norms. The regulator had proceeded against the company on the basis of complaints filed against it by the Agriculture Ministry and the National Seeds Association of India (NSAI), among others.