A Lokayukta, an anti-corruption body or ombudsman, is a government-appointed officer who represents the public's interests. Most notably, it looks at charges of wrongdoing and maladministration against elected officials and is in charge of quickly resolving public complaints.
‘The Lokayukta Act of 1975’ created the status of the Lokayukta. After obtaining a complaint, the Upa Lokayukta has the authority to investigate any action taken by or with the general or special approval of any public servant who is not a Minister or Secretary.
Surendra Kumar Yadav, the retired CBI judge who delivered the Babri demolition decision, has been chosen as Uttar Pradesh's Up-Lokayukta (Deputy Lokayukta).
On Monday (April 12, 2021), he took the oath. He will serve a six-year term under the Uttar Pradesh Lokayukta and UP-Lokayukta Act, 1975. On April 6, Uttar Pradesh Governor Anandiben Patel signed the notification naming him as Deputy Lok Ayukta (III). As the presiding judge of the Special CBI Court in Lucknow, he tried the Babri demolition case for the last time. The Supreme Court shortened his sentence to allow him to finish the trial in the Babri demolition plot case.
He acquitted all 32 accused in the case on September 30 last year, including high-profile politicians such as BJP leaders LK Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi, Uma Bharati, and Kalyan Singh. In his 2000-page judgement, S K Yadav concluded that the mosque's destruction was not premeditated and that there was no criminal conspiracy behind it. The Court stated that the demolition was not scheduled and that the defendants attempted to stop rather than provoke the mob. The Court said, "Those who climbed on the dome are anti-social elements."
The court ruled that the validity of the CBI's audio and video clips had not been established.