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“Replacing colonial-era codes,” new criminal laws to come into effect on July 1

By Mahima Katal      21 May, 2024 04:57 PM      0 Comments
Replacing colonial era codes new criminal laws to come into effect on July 1

New Delhi: The three new criminal laws that were passed by Parliament in 2023 will come into effect from July 1, 2024, according to a notification by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).

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However, Section 106(2) of the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), which provides for punishment of “0-10 years” in “hit and run” cases, has been put on hold. Earlier this year, transporters and drivers across the country struck work to protest the particular provision.

The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, Bharatiya Nagrik Suraksha Sanhita and the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam that will replace the Indian Penal Code, 1860; Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898; and the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, respectively, received President Droupadi Murmu’s assent on December 25, 2023.

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The three laws provide definitions for numerous acts and their associated penalties with the ultimate goal of revamping the nation's criminal justice system.

Also Read -  New criminal laws watershed moment for society: CJI [Read Inaugural Remarks]

The laws have given a clear definition of terrorism, abolished sedition as a crime and introduced a new section titled "offences against the state".
The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita lists offences such as acts of secession, armed rebellion, subversive activities, separatist activities or endangering the sovereignty or unity in the new avatar of the sedition law.

Also Read-  Key changes in the Law of Evidence - Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, 2023



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