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Women’s Reservation Bill in Rajya Sabha Today, a step away from history

By LAWSTREET NEWS NETWORK      21 September, 2023 11:57 AM      0 Comments
Women’s Reservation Bill in Rajya Sabha Today, a step away from history

In a historic move, the Narendra Modi government decided to act on a long pending demand for granting women's reservation in legislative bodies.

Law Minister Arjun Ram Meghwal introduced a Bill in Lok Sabha to provide one third of seats in legislative bodies, including in Parliament and state legislatures.

Following are the highlights of the Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Eighth Amendment) Bill, 2023


What’s in the Bill

* One-third of seats shall be reserved for women in Legislative Assemblies, including in Delhi

* One-third of seats shall be reserved for women in the House of People (Lok Sabha)

* One-third of seats earmarked for SCs and STs will be reserved for women in Lok Sabha and Assemblies

* Quota will come into being only after an exercise of delimitation after the relevant figures of the first Census taken after the new quota law comes into effect

* Seats reserved for women shall continue till such date as the Parliament may by law determine

* Rotation of seats reserved for women shall take effect after each subsequent exercise of delimitation as Parliament may by law determine

 

Statement of Objects and Reasons

* While women participate substantively in the Panchayat Raj institutions and municipal bodies, their representation in the state legislatures as well as in Parliament is still limited

* True empowerment of women will require greater participation of women in the decision making process as they bring different perspectives and enrich the quality of legislative debates and decision making


* For a Bill to amend the Constitution to be considered as passed in a House, it requires at least half of the MPs to be present and voting in the House. Of this, two-third of the MPs should vote in favour

* After both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha passes the Bill, at least half of the state Assemblies need to clear the Bill

* Following this, the President has to give her assent and notified

 

When will the Bill come into being

* Not immediately, likely by 2029

* Depends on the government completes the census exercise

* After the Census is done, Delimitation of seats to be conducted

 

The Bill has been criticised for

* No mention of reservation for women in Rajya Sabha or Legislative Councils

* No quota within quota for OBCs



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