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Judiciary

SC to deliver judgment on Feb 29 on automatic vacation of stay [Read Judgment]

By Jhanak Singh      29 February, 2024 10:28 AM      0 Comments
SC to deliver judgment on Feb on automatic vacation of stay

NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court is scheduled to pronounce on Thursday its judgment on a plea for reconsideration of its 2018 verdict, which had ordered for automatic lifting of stay in all civil and criminal matters after expiry of a period of six months.

A Constitution bench of Chief Justice of India D Y Chandrachud and Justices Abhay S Oka, J B Pardiwala, Pankaj Mithal and Manoj Misra had on December 13, 2023 reserved its judgment in the petitions filed by the High Court Bar Association Allahabad and others.

In 2018 judgment, the court had held that the stay granted by a lower court or high court in civil and criminal cases will automatically expire after six months unless extended specifically.

During the hearing, the bench had noted two problems arising from the automatic vacation of stay orders. One, the automatic vacation of stay prejudices the litigant irrespective of the conduct of that litigant and there are circumstances over which a litigant has no control and second, the vacation of an order of stay is also a judicial act and it is not an administrative act.

Senior advocate Rakesh Dwivedi, appearing for the Association, had submitted the mechanism could interfere with the constitutional structure, particularly Article 226 of the Constitution, and may be seen as judicial legislation.

On December 1, 2023 the Supreme Court had expressed reservations with its 2018 judgment on the 'Asian Resurfacing case'. The judgment had ordered that there would be automatic lifting of stay in all civil and criminal matters upon expiry of six-month time.

The bench, in its order, had then said, “The principle which has been laid down in the decision is liable to result in a serious miscarriage of justice”.

The bench had said there is no gainsaying that stays of indefinite nature will result in prolonging the civil or criminal proceedings unduly, at the same time, it needs to be factored in that the delay is not always on account of the conduct of the parties involved.

"Delay may also be occasioned by the inability of the courts to take up the proceedings expeditiously," the bench had said.

 

[Read Judgment]
 



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